What is laparoscopic surgery
Laparoscopic surgery refers to a technique where the surgeon makes small incisions about 1 cm in size, instead of a single large incision. Small tubes, called “trocars,” are placed through these incisions and into the abdomen. Carbon dioxide gas is used to inflate the abdomen in order to give the surgeon room to work. This allows the surgeon to use a camera attached to a thin video camera (called a laparoscope) to watch a magnified view of the inside the abdomen on operating room monitors. Special instruments have been developed for the surgeon to pass through the trocars to take the place of the surgeon’s hands and traditional surgical instruments. Surgical stapling devices to divide and reconnect intestine as well as energy devices to cut and cauterize tissues and blood vessels have also been adapted for laparoscopic use.
What are the benefits of laparoscopic surgery?
Because the incisions are much smaller than those used in traditional surgery, there is usually less discomfort following laparoscopic surgery. This has been shown to result in a shorter hospital stay, fewer wound infections, less need for prescription pain medications, an earlier return to normal activities and less visible scarring. Reduced hemorrhages which reduces the chance of needing a blood transfusion. From a surgeon’s perspective, laparoscopic surgery may allow for easier dissection of abdominal scar tissue (adhesions), less surgical trauma, and improved outcomes in certain groups like the elderly and extremely overweight individuals.